Stress, disgrace, missed appointments and indignant family members. Being somebody who suffers from time blindness – who struggles with timekeeping and is unable to recognise how a lot time has handed or estimate how lengthy one thing may take – doesn’t sound like one thing anybody would select. However even uttering the phrases time blindness, which is a standard symptom in individuals identified with ADHD, can fire up sturdy emotions from individuals who consider it’s an excuse for tardiness with as little justification as saying “I’m sorry I’m late, I didn’t wish to come”.
Earlier this month, TikTok person Sarah Trefren posted a video recounting a heated dialogue she’d had about time blindness at work. “I simply wished to know if there are lodging for individuals who wrestle with being on time,” she mentioned. “After we had been executed, they began yelling at me and saying that lodging for time blindness don’t exist and for those who wrestle being on time you’ll by no means be capable to get a job.”
Maria Stebbing, 32 from the Wirral, is conversant in this type of response. “Totally different generations have numerous, sadly, damaging stereotypes round neurodivergent circumstances,” she says. However it’s clear to her that point blindness isn’t a brand new phenomenon. “I positively assume my mum has time blindness. Rising up, I used to be conscious of her not being on time for issues after which inevitably, I wouldn’t be as effectively. I feel my mum in all probability has undiagnosed ADHD.”
For Stebbing, now a specialist counsellor with the ADHD Basis, it was as a younger grownup that she started to wrestle along with her notion of time. “Time blindness for me makes mornings significantly arduous – as a youngster, I typically stayed off faculty as a result of I didn’t prepare in time and couldn’t face stepping into late.” It had an impression on work, too. “Jobs I didn’t care about as a lot had been often impacted, as I’d flip up late (even when it wasn’t an early begin time).”
How would she clarify her difficulties in managing time, particularly to those that are, let’s consider, unsympathetic? “With time blindness, it’s nearly just like the sand within the hourglass can solely be used to prioritise time in a single space of your life. It causes numerous disgrace to be generally known as ‘the late one’ or individuals anticipating you to be late or a ‘let down’,” she says.
“The best problem with time blindness for me has been its impression upon relationships – not being on time for occasions with family and friends doesn’t equate to dropping a job/cash [but] it results in family and friends feeling not cared for, once they very a lot are.”
Time blindness doesn’t simply have an effect on social engagements. It might additionally make Stebbing lose observe of how lengthy she’s spent doing pleasant issues. “I might be studying a e-book and assume, oh, it’s solely been 10 minutes, however no, it’s been three hours. Generally I feel I’ve been within the bathtub for a couple of minutes however I’ve been there for an hour. I’ve to place a timer on for myself.”
She has different methods she makes use of to try to carry on high of time. “I’m somebody who wants a visible, analogue clock in most rooms to make me conscious of the passing of time. Even the altering of seasons can impression my time blindness – I discover it more durable to change off and chill out throughout the spring/summer season as a result of lighter evenings.
What’s time blindness? The 2 important ways in which time blindness manifests itself is individuals not being conscious of the passing of time, and never with the ability to estimate how lengthy one thing takes. Research on time notion and its analysis have proven that not solely do adults with Consideration Deficit Hyperactivity Dysfunction (ADHD) have difficulties in estimating time, they could even have the sensation that point is passing by with out them with the ability to full duties precisely and effectively. With ADHD, the way in which during which the mind develops otherwise implies that the elements of the mind that regulate capacity to understand time to estimate how lengthy it takes to do a job or to visualise and plan for the longer term is dysregulated. Time blindness has additionally been linked with autism, anxiousness, melancholy, obsessive-compulsive dysfunction, grief, alcohol-use dysfunction, and traumatic mind harm. What all of those circumstances have in widespread is that they impair government functioning, the flexibility to control feelings, ideas, and actions.
“Giving myself a faux deadline in an try to depart earlier for issues actually helps, however that’s as a result of I do know I’ll nonetheless in all probability be a couple of minutes late. Most of all, I’ve to be organised and plan forward. I used to be not too long ago going to look at a present and knew I needed to plan my outfit one or two days upfront, in any other case I might’ve been late.”
Does she really feel that employers ought to make changes for employees who are suffering with time blindness? “It would appear to be it’s an excuse however we’ve acquired to grasp it’s not: it’s a purpose. Workplaces have to be versatile and conscious of present employees wants – for those who’ve acquired a colleague for whom getting in for 9 o’clock will probably be a wrestle, perhaps let or not it’s 10 o’clock. Perhaps they’d be higher working from 10 until six. Somebody’s value isn’t based mostly upon them being on time.”
For Professor James Brown, who like Stebbing was identified with ADHD as an grownup, time blindness can manifest barely otherwise. “I’m typically pathologically early for issues as a result of I do know I’m going to be late in any other case. My spouse has ADHD as effectively [but] she’s the other. So once we go to the airport, for instance, it’s nightmarish, as a result of I’ll wish to be there for hours earlier than the flight. Whereas she was once a cabin crew and understands the way it works so is more than pleased to only get there 40 minutes beforehand.”
Brown, who’s the communications lead and co-founder of charity ADHDadultUK and runs the ADHD Adults Podcast, says: “ADHD isn’t an excuse, however it’s a purpose why individuals are time blind.” He has, he says, has numerous events the place his time blindness has seen him slip up.
“At one level once I was doing my PhD, it wasn’t going effectively. And I believed, ought to I do one thing else? So I went to a mass psychometric check for MI5. And I turned up half an hour late, as a result of I’d misjudged every thing, how lengthy it takes to drive to Manchester, how lengthy it takes to stroll from the automotive park. And so I bumbled in half an hour late crimson confronted right into a room full of individuals doing an examination. I feel instantly they knew ‘we haven’t acquired our man’.”
Time blindness within the office holds specific challenges, he says, and colleagues can lose persistence. “That’s one thing that the majority of us face, significantly within the office. As a result of nobody’s ever written a job description on a job advert that claims, ‘wished: any individual to show up late. Not centered on duties and will get emotionally dysregulated.’
“I used to be a college lecturer for 20 years and I might typically, quarter-hour earlier than a lecture, assume, ‘OK, how lengthy is it going to take me to do that factor I wish to shortly. 10 minutes? quarter-hour? That’s wonderful.’ After which 20 minutes would have handed and I’d be 5 minutes late for a lecture, with 200 aggravated college students sitting there ready for me to begin.”
Issues can get much more embarrassing. “The variety of instances it’s three minutes earlier than a Zoom name and I feel ‘have I acquired time for a poo? Yeah, positively’ after which two minutes later, I’m like ‘ah, no, I didn’t have time’ and that’s an exercise that I’ve executed a number of instances earlier than…”
These mishaps could sound amusing, however making an attempt to compensate for time blindness is a continuing wrestle, Professor Brown explains. “I’m medicated and I’d prefer to assume I’m comparatively effectively managed. However it’s exhausting, since you’re continuously having to go belt and braces, for every thing to try to be sure to’ve acquired a number of reminders, you’re having to work more durable to get the identical output. It’s each bodily and emotionally exhausting.”